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Cauliflower: How to Grow and When to Plant in Your Backyard or Patio Garden!

Cauliflower blog post

Cauliflower isn’t something that we normally grow because it can be challenging, especially with our crazy Oklahoma weather conditions. If you’re up to the challenge, however, there’s nothing like home-grown cauliflower! Cabbage worms also love cauliflower, but they’re easy to manage.

How to Grow:

Cauliflower can be planted indoors 10 weeks before your last spring frost and transplanted outdoors 4-6 weeks before your last spring frost. It can also be planted 10 weeks before your first fall frost. You can see specific dates for your location using our FREE iOS, Android, and Universal Web App.

Cauliflower seeds are planted 1/4 inch deep, 1 per square foot, in full sun to part shade. Take care to notice what plants are around the area as well, see the companion plant section below. Cauliflower will sprout within 5-10 days with constant moisture.

Companion Plants:

Companion planting is a vital part of organic gardening. Companion plants assist in the growth of others by attracting beneficial insects, repelling pests, or providing nutrients, shade, or support. There are also plants that do not like being next to each other. Some plants get too tall and can provide too much shade for your plant. Sometimes certain plants attract the same pests, so it is important to try and separate these.

Beans (bush & pole)OreganoCabbage
BeetsPotatoesCollard Greens
DillSpinachTomatoes (bush & vine)
MarigoldsSwiss Chard 

See companion plants for 80+ foods in our FREE iOS, Android, and Universal Web app!


Pests can be one of the most difficult challenges you face in the garden. We strive to grow food without the use of pesticide and luckily there are natural solutions for most of these nasty pests! The pests listed below are common ones for cauliflower:

Learn more about how to manage pests and attract beneficial insects in our FREE iOS, Android, and Universal Web App!


Cauliflower will be ready to harvest within 70-90 days. Harvest by cutting off the main head at its base. Don’t delay harvest since there’s a small window before the quality rapidly decreases.

Cooking & Eating!

Wash the heads and soak in ice cold water for a couple of hours. Refrigerate if not using immediately. You can eat it raw, boiled. steamed, or stir-fried.


Learn more about growing over 80 different foods, including how to manage various pests in our FREE iOS, Android, or new Universal Web App!