Friends that are interested in trying to grow some of their own food have reached out to me and asked what they should do to get started. Much like I was when I started, they’re often overwhelmed by all of the various information out there about how to grow food and have no idea where to start. Here are the four simple steps I give anyone that asks me what they should do to get started with growing some of their own food:
Step 1: Cover the Bermuda grass with 2 layers of cardboard and wood chips
Most yards in Oklahoma have Bermuda grass. It’s important to know up front that Bermuda grass is a nightmare to deal with in the garden. It spreads vigorously and can grow right through the black landscaping fabric that’s commonly used.
However, I’ve found cardboard to be a much better solution for me and it has pretty much eliminated the Bermuda grass problem in my garden. My first beds were surrounded by Bermuda grass and I was constantly fighting it off. Once I surrounded the area with cardboard and laid a foot of mulch on top of it, Bermuda has pretty much disappeared from the garden. I recommend having at least a 2-foot border of wood chips around each bed in order to keep the Bermuda out.
Wood chips are easy to get for free! Check out your local county compost facility to see if they have any available wood chips! Another option is this service that will deliver the wood chips directly to your driveway for free!
Step 2: Build a box or buy a raised bed container
The next step is to create your growing area! You can either build a simple box or purchase a raised bed of your own.
Our personal favorite is using fabric raised beds called Smart Pots. They are extremely durable and perform really well! You simply unfold and you have a garden bed!
If building your own, I would recommend building them either 4×4 or 4×8, but you can build them however you want. I’d caution against building them wider than 4 feet or else you’ll have trouble reaching the middle. I also recommend lining the inside of the box with black plastic sheeting to help make the wood last longer. There’s also plenty of debate about the chemicals in pressure treated wood coming in contact with the soil. You can use cedar if you want to avoid the issue altogether. I’ve always built mine out of either the cheapest deal I could find on lumber or on salvaged lumber. I paint the outside of them to help protect from the elements and line the inside with plastic.
You could also build all the raised beds out of free shopping pallets. Be sure to get the ones with a “HT” stamp meaning they’re heat treated and weren’t used with chemicals.
Step 3: Fill the raised bed with a high-quality soil mix (DIY or store-bought)
This is where you have a choice to make. You can either save money and build the soil mix yourself or you can buy bagged soil and fill the bed. Pick your path from here and calculate how much you’ll need using an online calculator.
This is the “Mel’s Mix” from Square Foot Gardening. Mix together these three ingredients together in equal parts:
- Peat moss/Coconut coir – You can find peat moss at most any hardware store and or store with a garden center. Coconut coir is a great option as well.
- Vermiculite – Buy the 4 cu. ft. bags from a local nursery. I buy them for around $30 from a local nursery.
- Compost – You can make your own compost, but that’s a topic all to itself. I recommend buying compost in bulk to anyone that’s just starting out. The best source I’ve found for bulk compost in the Oklahoma City area is at Minick Materials. You may also be able to find somewhere that will deliver compost if you don’t have access to a truck.
Store-bought soil mix will definitely be easier, but will cost you much more than buying and mixing your own mix. Many garden centers carry something that’s pretty close to the bagged version of the ingredients above. You could use pretty much any potting soil you want, but I recommend using something that isn’t packed full of chemical fertilizer.
Step 4: Pick what you want to grow and get started!
Here’s the best part! Check out our blog post talking about the best plants to start with if you aren’t sure what to start with. Let our app help to guide you through selecting something to grow! Our app will help you select from plants that are beneficial for 26 different health conditions if you’re not sure what you should grow! Our app will give you customized planting dates based upon your GPS location and walk you through how to start growing your own food from seed to spoon!